This year’s Corruption Perceptions Index highlights that the majority of countries are making little or no progress in ending corruption, while further analysis shows journalists and activists in corrupt countries risking their lives every day in an effort to speak out.
The index, which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and businesspeople, uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. This year, the index found that more than two-thirds of countries score below 50, with an average score of 43. Unfortunately, compared to recent years, this poor performance is nothing new.
Ranking of ASEAN Member States
|Country||2017 Rank||2016 Rank||2017 Score||2016 Score|
Singaapore and Cambodia remains as the top and lowest scorers between ASEAN member states (AMS). One highlight from the 2017 study is Indonesia's strong commitment to tackling corruption by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), in spite of the Indonesian parliament's attempts to undermine it. Another highlight is the Philippine's steep decline in its ranking, likely perpetuated by President Rodrigo Duterte's death squad. In Cambodia, the recent introduction of the Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organizations (LANGO) brought on a crackdown in civil society and restricts their freedom to operate in the kingdom.
Transparency International calls on the global community to take the following actions to curb corruption:
- Governments and businesses must do more to encourage free speech, independent media, political dissent and an open and engaged civil society.
- Governments should minimise regulations on media, including traditional and new media, and ensure that journalists can work without fear of repression or violence. In addition, international donors should consider press freedom relevant to development aid or access to international organisations.
- Civil society and governments should promote laws that focus on access to information. This access helps enhance transparency and accountability while reducing opportunities for corruption. It is important, however, for governments to not only invest in an appropriate legal framework for such laws, but also commit to their implementation.
- Activists and governments should take advantage of the momentum generated by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to advocate and push for reforms at the national and global level. Specifically, governments must ensure access to information and the protection of fundamental freedoms and align these to international agreements and best practices.
- Governments and businesses should proactively disclose relevant public interest information in open data formats. Proactive disclosure of relevant data, including government budgets, company ownership, public procurement and political party finances allows journalists, civil society and affected communities to identify patterns of corrupt conduct more efficiently.
Read the full report at Transparency International.